Wednesday, 16 August 2017
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The Explanation of Hadith Jibril about Iman - Page 4

Moreover, the angels love to descend to the circles of Knowledge, Allah ta^ala orders them to descend to the circles of Knowledge, they would bring mercy to these circles and ask Allah to forgive those who are attending them; that is why the person who goes many times to the circles of Knowledge feels some change in his status.

 

 

Attending the circles of Knowledge is a blessing; one does not know its value until the Day of Judgment. So do not miss this opportunity; the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

"لا يَشبَعُ مُؤمِنٌ مِنْ خَيرٍ يَسْمَعُه حتى يكون منتهاهُ الجَنَّةَ"

This hadith means that the believer is keen on listening to good things until he enters Paradise. Most of the people nowadays are never satisfied of the worldly pleasures.

The one of us would live a period of time in this world and does not know if it will be short or long. When one dies the angels would appear to him either they would say to him: Take the good news that Allah will have mercy on you, and nothing would be more beloved to him than hearing that, or they would say to him that he will be in a bad status and that he will be inflicted with torture from Allah, and this would be the worst thing to him; so let the person work on teaching the good to people.

ومن جملة الأشياء التي يجب معرفتها في حَقِ الملائكةِ الكرامِ أيضًا أَنَّهُ وَرَدَ في الحديثِ عَنهُ عليهِ الصلاةُ والسلامُ أَنهُم لا يَحضُرونَ بيتًا فيهِ صورة أو تمثال أو كلب. والمقصود بالصورة هنا ما كان على شكل ذي روحٍ مجسمًا ليس الَّذي على الورق إنمَّا إِن كان مجسمًا نافرًا بصورةٍ كامِلَةٍ هذا وجوده في البيت يمنع دخول الملائكة.

أمَّا إذا لم يكن على هيئةِ صورَةٍ كامِلَةٍ فهذا لا دخل لهُ في الحديثِ كأن كان رأسًا أو جسمًا بدون رأس هذا لا يدخُلُ في الحَديثِ.

ويستثنى لعبة البنات الصغار التي هي خاصةً للبنات وهذا ورد في الحديث، وكذلك يستثنى من قوله عليه الصلاة والسلام في وصف الكلب ما كان للحراسة والصيد، أمَّا ما كان لغير الصيد والحراسة هذا حرامٌ اقتناؤه وإدخاله البيت.

Among the things which one must know about the angels is that which the Prophet mentioned in the hadith that the angels do not enter a house which has a picture, or a statue, or a dog. What we mean here by the picture is what depicts the shape of a body which is embossed; we do not mean here what is pictured flat on a surface. So having these three things would prevent the angels from entering the house.

As for the shape of the body, which is embossed, if it is not complete--like if it was only a head, or a body without a head-- then this is not included in the hadith.

It was mentioned in the hadith that the young girls’ toys are excluded; also the dog which is used as a guard dog or a hunting dog is excluded from this hadith. It is prohibited to acquire or to let in one’s house the dog for other than guarding and hunting purposes.

يبقى هناك معرفة أَنَّ هُناكَ فَرقٌ بَينَ الملائِكَةِ والجِنِّ لأَنَّ الجِنَّ يُتَوقَعُ مِنهُم أَنْ يُطيعوا وأَن يَعصوا أمَّا الملائكة لا يعصون، قال تعالى: ﴿لاَّ يَعصُونَ اللهَ مَآ أَمَرَهُم وَيَفعَلُونَ مَا يُؤمَروُنَ سورة التحريم / 6. لذلك لا يجوز الاعتقادُ أَنَّ إِبليسَ هُوَ زَعيمُ الملائِكَةِ فإبليسُ مِنَ الجِنِّ.

قال تعالى: ﴿وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلآئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِ سورة الكهف / 50.

هُوَ كَانً في الجَنَّةِ يَعْبُدُ اللهَ مع الملائِكَةِ لكن لا يُقالُ ما يَقولُهُ البَعضُ أَنَّهُ كانَ طاووس الملائكة أو زعيمُ الملائكةِ. إِبليسُ هو أبو الجِنِّ، الجِنُ من ذُريَتِهِ أصلُهُم مِنَ لهيب النار الصافي فيهُم المؤمن والكافر، فيهُم التَقيُ والصالِحُ والفاسِقُ والعَالِمُ والجَاهِلُ والذَكَرُ والأنثى. أما الملائِكَةُ صِنفٌ وَاحِدٌ كلهم مؤمنين، كلهم أولياء الله ليسوا ذكورًا ولا إِناثًا.

اللهُ اخبرنا في القرءانِ بوجودِ الجِنِّ لا يَجوزُ إنكَارُ وجودهم هناك سورة في القرءانِ اسمها سورة الجِن فيها عن نَفَرٍ مِنَ الجِنِ استمعوا إِلى القرءانِ من النبيِّ صلى اللهُ عَليهِ وَسَلَّمَ. قال اللهُ تعالى: ﴿قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُو~اْ إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْءانًا عَجَبًا سورة الجن / 1.

One should also know that there is a difference between the angels and the jinn, because it is expected from the jinn to obey and to disobey, however, the angels never disobey Allah. Allah ta^ala said:

﴿لاَّ يَعصُونَ اللهَ مَآ أَمَرَهُم وَيَفعَلُونَ مَا يُؤمَروُنَ

Verse 6 of Surat at-Tahrim means: “They do not disobey Allah in what He orders them (to do), and they do exactly what they were ordered.”

That is why it is not permissible to believe that Iblis (the devil) is the leader of the angels, Allah said in the Qur’an:

﴿وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلآئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِ

Verse 50 of Surat al-Kahf means that Allah ordered the angels to prostrate to Adam (not out of worship) and they did except Iblis, who was a jinn, and he objected to Allah and his order.

Iblis was in Paradise worshipping Allah with the angels; however, it is not permissible to say as some say that he was the peacock of the angels or the leader of the angels. Iblis is the father of the jinn, the jinn are from his off-spring; they were created from the pure flames of fire (which does not produce any smoke); among them there is the believer and the blasphemer; the pious; the righteous and the sinner; the knowledgeable and the ignorant; the male and the female. As for the angels, they are of one type, all of them are believers, all of them are awliya’ (upright righteous Muslims), they never disobey Allah, they are neither males nor females.

Allah told us in the Qur’an about the existence of the jinn; it is not permissible to deny their existence. There is a Surah in the Qur’an its name is “al-Jinn”. Verse 1 of this Surah states:

﴿قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُو~اْ إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْءانًا عَجَبًا

It means that a group of the jinn listened to the Qur’an being recited by the Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.

قال عليه الصلاة والسلام: "وَكُتُبِهِ": معناهُ أنَّهُ يَجِبُ الإيمانُ بالكُتِبِ السماويةِ التي كانت تنزل على الأنبياء والرسل من حيثُ العدد هي مائة وأربعة، واجِبٌ على الإنسانِ أن يُؤمِنَ بالكتب السماوية.

المشهورُ مِنهَا هَذِهِ الأربَعَةُ: التوراة أُنزِلَت على موسى بِالعِبرية والزَبور أُنزِلَ على دَاوُدَ بالعِبرية وأُنزِلَ الإنجيلُ على عيسى بالسُريانيَةِ وأُنزِلَ القُرءَانُ على مُحَمَّدٍ صلى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالعَربِيَةِ. وهناكَ أيضًا صُحُفًا أُنزِلَت على إبراهيم وموسى وشيث.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam said:

“His Revealed Books”: It means to believe in the Divine Books, which were revealed to the prophets and messengers. There are 104 Divine Books, It is obligatory on the person to believe in the Divine Books.

The most famous Divine Books are four:

1- The original Tawrah that was revealed to our Master Musa, peace be upon him, in Hebrew.

2- The Zabur that was revealed to our Master Dawud, peace be upon him, in Hebrew.

3- The original Injil that was revealed to our Master ^Isa, peace be upon him, in Syriac.

4- The Qur’an that was revealed to Muhammad, peace be upon him, in Arabic.

There are also journals, which were revealed to Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and Shith (Seth).

هذه الكتب نُؤمِنُ بإنَّهَا كُلَهَا نَزَلَت على الرُسُلِ، فيها عقيدة واحدة وهي الإيمانُ بوجود اللهِ وأنَّهُ لا يُشبِهُ شيئًا مِنَ المَخلوقَاتِ، كُلها واحدة في العقيدةِ إِنما الذي يختلف هو الشرائع.

We believe that these Books were revealed to the messengers, all of them have one creed, which is to believe in the Existence of Allah and that He does not resemble any of the creations. All of these Books are one and the same in the creed; however, what differs is the laws of application (shara’i^).

ثُمَ هَذِهِ الكتب كلها كلامُ اللهِ والمعنى أنَّ ما فيها ليس من تأليفِ مَلَكٍ أو بَشَر ولا جبريل بل هُوَ كَلاَمُ اللهِ تعالى أنزلَهُ على رُسُلِهِ وأنبيائِهِ. كَلاَمُ اللهِ تَعَالى لَيسَ كَكَلاَمِ البَشَرِ لاَ يُقَالُ يَتَكَلَمُ بِالعَرَبِيَةِ أَوالعِبريَةِ أو السريانية، إِنَمَّا أُنزِلَت هَذِهِ الكُتُبُ بهذه اللغات كي يفهمها النَّاسُ. أُنزِلَت هَذِهِ الكُتُبُ كَي يُعرَفُ ما أُحِلَّ وما حُرِّمَ. كَلاَمُ اللهِ لَيسَ بِحَرفٍ ولا صوتٍ ولا لُغَةٍ ولا إطبَاق شفتين ولا هواء من الصدر، كذلك يقالُ القُرءانُ كَلاَمُ اللهِ ويقالُ كلام الله بلا حرف ولا صوت فإن قيل: كَيفَ الجَمْعُ؟ يقال لهم: هذا كلام بِحَرفٍ يَدُلُ عَلَى كلام الله الذاتي الذي لَيسَ بِحَرفٍ وَلاَ صوتٍ، العِبَارَةُ غَيرُ المُعَبَرِ عَنْهُ، كَلاَمُ اللهِ بِلا ابتداء بلا انقطاع بلا انتهاء لا يُشبِهُ كَلاَمَ المَخلوقَاتِ.

All of these Books are the Speech (Kalam) of Allah, it means that what is in it is not authored by an angel or a human, or by Jibril; however, it is the Speech of Allah ta^ala which He revealed to His messengers and prophets. The Speech of Allah ta^ala is not like the speech of the humans, it is not permissible to say that Allah speaks Arabic, Hebrew, or Syriac. Rather, these Books were revealed in these languages so that people would understand them, and would know the lawful (halal) and the unlawful (haram). The Speech of Allah is not letters, or a language, or something which is uttered by closing the lips, or through air from the lungs.

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