Thursday, 27 April 2017
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The Explanation of Hadith Jibril about Iman - Page 11

فبعد هذا هل لقائل أن يقول أن النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ولوع القلب بالنساء! حاشاه، فرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم تزوج بعد أن صار عمره خمسة وعشرين عامًا حيث تزوج من السيدة خديجة بنت خويلد التي كانت أكبر منه بخمس عشرة سنة وبقي صلى الله عليه وسلم على زوجة واحدة حتى ماتت بعد خمسة وعشرين سنة يعني كان قد وصل عليه السلام إلى سن الخمسين. فلو كان ولوعًا بالنساء لاختار الفتيات الأبكار وهو في سن الخامسة والعشرين ولكنه لم يُعَدِّدْ إلا بعد الخمسين ولم يتزوج بكرًا قط غير عائشة رضي الله عنها.

 

 

So after knowing this would someone dare to say that the Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam was attached to women! Of course he is clear of being like that.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam got married after he became twenty-five years old, that was when he married Lady Khadijah the daughter of Khuwaiyylid, who was fifteen years older than him; he remained married to one woman until she died twenty five years later which means that he was fifty years old at that time.

So had he been fond of woman, he would have chosen the virgin girls when he was twenty five years old; however, he did not marry several women until after he was fifty years old; the only virgin which he married was ^A’ishah may Allah raise her rank.

ورسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يظهر منه رذيلة واحدة ولم يطعن فيه أحد، حين أعلن دعوته لم يطعن فيه أحد بأمور النساء مع العلم أنه أجمل الناس ودعا أهل بلده إلى عبادة الله وترك ما كانوا يعبدون من الأوثان، وكان معروفًا بين أهل مكة بالصادق الأمين، وقد عدّد الزوجات صلى الله عليه وسلم لحكم منها أنه جمع شتات القبائل بالمصاهرة وأن تنتشر دعوته بطريق النساء إلى النساء، فإن أحكام الشرع الخاصة بالنساء يسهل انتشارها بينهن لبعضٍ أكثر مما لو كان بطريق الرجال إليهن كالحيض والنفاس والجماع.

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam had never committed a single vile action; nobody had ever accused him of being attached to women when he called people openly to Islam; although he is the most beautiful human. He called people to worship Allah and to leave out worshipping the idols, and he was known among the people of Makkah as the truthful and the trustworthy.

He married several women for several wisdoms, among which; is that he united the dispersed tribes through affinity by marriage; he also made his Call spread to other women through the women he married. This is because it is easier to spread the special matters in the Religion about women through women like the matters of: menses (hayd), postpartum bleeding (nifas), and sexual intercourse.

ثم إن نظرنا إلى دعوة النبيّ العظيم صلى الله عليه وسلم وإلى الدولة التي أقامها وأسسها حتى امتدت امتدادًا عظيمًا فبعد هذا من الذي يقول إن هذا عمل رجل مشغول بالدنيا وشهواتها وأن الذي شغله المرأة؟ من يقول أن هذا عمل رجل منشغل بالنساء وبملذات الدنيا؟ روى البيهقي والترمذي وابن ماجة عن عبد الله أنه قال: اضطجع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم على حصير فأَثر الحصير بجلده، فجعلتُ أمسحه عنه وأقول بأبي أنت وأمي يا رسول الله، ألا أذِنتنا فنبسط لك شيئًا يقيك منه تنام عليه، فقال: "ما لي وللدنيا، وما أنا والدنيا، إنما أنا والدنيا كراكب استظل تحت شجرة ثم راح وتركها".

When we look at the Call of this Great Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam and at the state which he built and made it extend widely and greatly, then who would say that this is the work of a man who was pre-occupied with worldly pleasures and desires, particularly women? Who would say that this is the work of someone who is pre-occupied with women and worldly enjoyments?

Al-Bayhaqiyy, at-Tirmidhiyy, and Ibn Majah related from the route of ^Abdullah; who said: The Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam laid down on a mat, which left some traces on his skin. So I started to wipe that out off his skin and said: I sacrifice my father and mother for your sake O Messenger of Allah, would you permit us to spread something for you on the floor to sleep on to protect you from that.

He said what means: "I have no interest in the worldly matters, and what stand do I have with this world! indeed my example with this world is like a rider who stayed in the shade under a tree and then moved on and left it behind."

عدّد الزوجات لا لإشباع الشهوة بل لحكم تعود إلى مصالح دعوته فخصه الله تعالى دون أمته بأن أباح له أن يجمع بين أكثر من أربع. ومما يدل على ذلك أيضًا أن شخصًا عرض عليه ابنته ليتزوج منها ووصفها بالجمال وقال إنها لم تمرض قط، فقال له الرسول عليه الصلاة والسلام: لا حاجة لي فيها. فلو كان متعلق القلب بالنساء لم يفوت عليه هذه الفرصة.

He did not marry several women to fulfill his sexual desires, but rather for wisdoms pertaining to his Call. Allah has specified only him among his nation by making it permissible for him to marry more than four wives at the same time.

What supports that also is that once a man offered the Prophet to marry his daughter and he described her to him that she was beautiful and that she never got sick, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam said to him: I have no need for her.

Had he been attached to women, he would have not let himself miss this opportunity.

ثم هؤلاء المفترون نسوا أن النبيّ الذي وصفوه بما هو نعتهم وشغلهم الشاغل من الارتماء بأحضان النساء وعلى الإكثار من الخمور والأكل الدسم الذي يقوي الشهوة، كان أحيانًا هذا النبيّ العظيم صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يشبع في بعض أيامه من خبز الشعير وأحيانًا من التمر والماء فقط، ونسوا أيضا أنه لم يجاوز حياة القناعة قط لإرضاء نسائه ولو شاء لما كلفه غير القليل بالقياس إلى ما كان في يديه ويوزعه على عباد الله.

Those fabricators have attributed to the Prophet their own attributes and what they are pre-occupied with like being in the laps of women, drinking lots of alcohol and eating fatty food to strengthen their desires. They forgot that this Great Prophet sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam for days did not use to have enough barley bread to get satiated, and that on other days he did not have enough dates and water.

They also forgot that he never crossed beyond the limit of being content with what is little for the sake of satisfying his wives; had he willed to do so it would have cost him a little in light of what his hands had access to and what he used to distribute among the slaves of Allah.

كذلك يستحيلُ على الأنبياء الكبائر قبل النبوة وبعدَهَا. كذلك لا يجوزُ على الأنبياءِ صغائرُ الخِسَّةِ، مثلُ سَرِقَةِ لُقْمَة، أو حَبَةِ عِنَب، فهذه معصية صغيرة لكن تَدُلُ على خِسَة أي دناءة في نفس فاعلها، فالأنبياءُ معصومون من ذلك قبلَ النبوةِ وبعدَها. فَعُلِمَ من ذلك أن معصية ءادم ما كانت كبيرة من الكبائر، إنما كانت معصيةً صغيرةً ليس فيها خسةٌ ولا دناءةٌ، كما قال الأشعريُّ وغيرُه. حيثُ إنَ سيدنا ءادمَ عليه السلام كان أكل من شجرة من أشجار الجنة والله تعالى كان قد نهاهُ عنها.

قال الله تعالى (وَعَصَىَ ءَادَمُ رَبَّهُ فَغَوَى ثُمَّ اجتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَتَابَ عَلَيهِ وَهَدَى) / طه 121-122.

Likewise, prophets are protected from committing enormous sins, both before and after Prophethood.

Prophets are also protected from committing small, mean sins, like stealing a morsel of bread or stealing a single grape. These are small sins, but they reflect certain meanness. Prophets do not commit such sins, both, before and after Prophethood. From this, we know that the sin of prophet Adam peace be upon him was not an enormous sin. Rather, it was a small sin which did not include meanness, as was stated by Imam al-Ash^ariyy and others. Adam, peace be upon him, ate from one of the trees in Paradise which Allah ordered him to not eat from as stated in Surah Taha, Verses 121-122 stated above which mean: Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced. But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He granted him forgiveness, and gave him Guidance.

والأنبياء والرسل كلهم دينهم الإسلام إِنَمَّا شرائعهم تختلف بين رَسولٍ وءاخَر أما عقيدتهم عقيدة التوحيد فهي واحدة، مِثَالُ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ في شريعةِ بني إسرائيل كانت لا تصح الصلاة عندهم إلا في مكانٍ مخصص للصلاة يسمي "بيعة" كان الرجل يترك عمله ليصلي هناك. في شرعِ مُحَمَّد الشخصُ يستطيعُ أن يُصلي في الوادي، في المتجر، في السوق، في المسجد، في المدرسة، في المنزل.

The religion of all of the prophets and messengers is Islam; however, their laws (shara’i^) used to differ from one prophet to another; their creed is one; which is the Creed of Tawhid. An example about this matter is that according to the Law (Shari^ah) of the Children of Israel (Israil) the prayer was not valid unless if it is prayed in a place specified for prayer, which used to be called “biy^ah”, the man used to leave his workplace to pray there. However, in the Law (Shari^ah) of Muhammad the person can pray in the valley, in the market, in the mosque, in the school, or in the house.

وهناك أشياء اتفقت الشرائع كلها على تحريمها كقتل النفسِ بغير حَقٍ، حرامٌ في كُلِ الشرائِعِ إزهاق الروح، سواء لنفسه أو لغيره بغير حَقٍ؛ هذا حرامٌ في شرعِ ءادم وفي شرعِ محمَّد وعيسى وموسى وإبراهيم وسائر الأنبياء.

There are matters all of the laws of the prophets agree they are prohibited like the unjust killing; it is unlawful in all of the laws to unrightfully slay the soul, whether his own or someone else’s. It is unlawful in the Law (Shar^) of Adam, Ibrahim, Musa, ^Isa and all other prophets.

حفظ العرض أيضًا من الكليات الخمس التي اتفقت عليها الشرائع وهي: حفظ النفس والمال والعِرض والعقل والنسب. حفظ العرض نصت عليه الشرائع كلها فالزنا حرامٌ في كل الشرائع، الزنا حرامٌ في كل الشرائع، حرامٌ في شرعِ ءَادَم وغيره من الأنبياء، الزنا حرام في كل الشرائع، الجماع بدون عقد زواج حرام في كل الشرائع. لبشاعة هذا الأمر في شرع محمد لو كان هناك حاكم من وقع في ذنب الزنا وكان أعزب عليه مائة جلدة وَيُغَرَّبُ سنة، إِن كان متزوجًا يُرجَمُ حتى الموتِ حتى يُبَين للنَّاس ِ أَنَّهُ ذَنبٌ كَبير. الله تعالى قال: ﴿وَلاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الزِّنَى~ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَآءَ سَبِيلاً﴾ سورة الإسراء / 32.

ذَكَرَ اللهُ من بينِ الفواحشِ فاحشة الزنى لأَنَّهُ فِيهِ هَتْكُ للشرفِ والعرضِ والنسب وهو ذنبٌ كبيرٌ.

Preserving one’s elements of honor also is among the five matters-- “kulliyat”-- which all the laws (shara'i^) have agreed on, they are: Preserving the self, the money, the honor, the mind, and the Lineage.

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